Livestock – Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs, etc.

Cattle – plural for all cows, bulls, heifers, and steers

Calf – A baby (less than 1 year)

Calves – Calf plural

Bum Calves – Calves that are bottle fed because either the mother would not claim them (and allow them to eat from her), the mother dies, or the calf is injured or not formed correctly so it cannot eat from the mother. Then the rancher feeds the calf a bottle several times a day.

Cow – A mommy

Heifer – Young Female

Replacement Heifers – Young females that are kept for breeding

Bull – Male

Steer – Male that has been “cut”  (neutered)

Sire – The father of a calf

Cow – Calf Operation– type of cattle ranching that mainly breeds cows and raises their calves

Baby Calf during Calving Season

Yearling Operation – type of cattle ranching that mainly buys calves in the fall when they are weaned off their  mothers and then feeds them and sells them the next fall.

Angus  – A breed of cattle that is black and known for its tender meat

Cattle Work – doing things with the cattle, moving, treating, vaccinating, branding, etc.

Calving – When the cows are having their babies, mainly in the spring but some ranchers calve in the fall

Calving Data – The records that are kept on each calf (birth weight, sire, sex, and identification number)

Tagging – I tag is put in the ear of the animal as an I.D.

Tattoo – The animal has a permanent I.D. number tattooed into his ear

Weaning – When the calves are old enough they are removed from their mothers, usually done in the fall

Moving Cattle or Trailing Cattle – Taking them from 1 pasture to another

Pasture – Large pens of grass that the cattle graze

Corral – Smaller pens where cattle are put to sort or for cattle work

Brand – identifying mark on stock

Branding – Normally done in the spring and is when you put the identifying mark on the cattle. Neighbors and friends get together and help each other.

Treating Cattle – Giving sick or injured cattle medicine

Working or Running – Vaccinating the animals

Checking – Going out and making sure that the animals are ok (they are not sick or injured and that they are in the pasture that they should be in) and making sure that they have feed and water

Taking Salt – Salt is an essential nutrient that we must take to the animals. We also take a mixture of needed minerals. These are put in large tubs so they can eat them as they need.

Sorting – You sort through the animals either by sex, number, color,  owner, or by the way they look

Fencing – Building or fixing fences to keep the animals in or out

Showing – This when you bring animals to a gathering and people can come look at them and there is a judge that places them in the order of quality he thinks is best.

Horse – Are beautiful creatures that a cowboy relies on for cattle work and can become a trusted friend

Riding – Sitting on a horse

Saddle – What you sit on while riding a horse

Bridle or Head Stall – Put on a horses head to guide him when a cowboy is riding him

Bit – Metal bar that goes in a horses mouth that helps a cowboy guide him

Reins – attached to the bit and   head stall and then the rider holds on to them

Chaps – Leather pants that protect your legs

Chinks – Same as chaps only shorter

Windmill – A well that relies on the wind to spin a fin on the top to pump the water up out of the ground

Tank – Holds water, usually by a windmill to catch the water that is pumped out

Trailer – Used to haul cattle and horses

Irrigating – Watering the hay ground or row crops (corn, etc.)

Changing Gates – Done if you use long pipes to irrigate with. They have openings that you open or shut so that the water is used more efficiently. This is usually done a couple times a day.

Haying or Putting up hay– Done during the summer. You first mow the hay with tractors and/ or windrowers or sidebar mowers. Then you let it dry a little so that it will not mold when wrapped up. When it is dry enough, but not too dry, you rake it pulling a large rake behind a tractor. Lastly you bale it up in a baler pulled behind a tractor.

Bales – A way of saving grass and other forages to use them during the winter. They can be large round ones, large square, (both fed with the tractor) or small square bales that you can move by hand.

Sale – Usually refers to a sale barn where the cattle change owners, sometimes it refers to a change of ownership that does not happen at the sale barn. Some ranchers own their own sale barns rather than going to a community sale barn.

Bull Sale– A sale where Bulls are sold for breeding

Stacks of Large Round Hay Bales with irrigated Hay Meadow